stdp_facetshw_synapse_hom

Command: stdp_facetshw_synapse_hom


Description

stdp_facetshw_synapse is a connector to create synapses with spike-timing
dependent plasticity (as defined in [1]).
This connector is a modified version of stdp_synapse.
It includes constraints of the hardware developed in the FACETS (BrainScaleS) project [2 3]
as e.g. 4-bit weight resolution sequential updates of groups of synapses
and reduced symmetric nearest-neighbor spike pairing scheme. For details see [3].
The modified spike pairing scheme requires the calculation of tau_minus_
within this synapse and not at the neuron site via Kplus_ like in stdp_connection_hom.

Parameters

Common properties:
tau_plus double - Time constant of STDP window causal branch in ms
tau_minus_stdp double - Time constant of STDP window anti-causal branch in ms
Wmax double - Maximum allowed weight

no_synapses long - total number of synapses
synapses_per_driver long - number of synapses updated at once
driver_readout_time double - time for processing of one synapse row (synapse line
driver)
readout_cycle_duration double - duration between two subsequent updates of same synapse
(synapse line driver)
lookuptable_0 vector - three look-up tables (LUT)
lookuptable_1 vector
lookuptable_2 vector
configbit_0 vector - configuration bits for evaluation function.
For details see code in function eval_function_ and [4]
(configbit[0]=e_cc ..[1]=e_ca ..[2]=e_ac ..[3]=e_aa).
Depending on these two sets of configuration bits
weights are updated according LUTs (out of three: (1 0)
(0 1) (1 1)).
For (0 0) continue without reset.
configbit_1 vector
reset_pattern vector - configuration bits for reset behaviour.
Two bits for each LUT (reset causal and acausal).
In hardware only (all false; never reset)
or (all true; always reset) is allowed.

Individual properties:
a_causal double - causal and anti-causal spike pair accumulations
a_acausal double
a_thresh_th double - two thresholds used in evaluation function.
No common property because variation of analog synapse circuitry
can be applied here
a_thresh_tl double
synapse_id long - synapse ID used to assign synapses to groups (synapse drivers)

Author
Thomas Pfeil (TP) Moritz Helias Abigail Morrison
Transmits
SpikeEvent

References

[1] Morrison A. Diesmann M. and Gerstner W. (2008).
Phenomenological models of synaptic plasticity based on
spike-timing Biol. Cybern. 98 459--478

[2] Schemmel J. Gruebl A. Meier K. and Mueller E. (2006).
Implementing synaptic plasticity in a VLSI spiking neural
network model In Proceedings of the 2006 International
Joint Conference on Neural Networks pp.1--6 IEEE Press

[3] Pfeil T. Potjans T. C. Schrader S. Potjans W. Schemmel J. Diesmann M. & Meier K.
(2012).
Is a 4-bit synaptic weight resolution enough? -
constraints on enabling spike-timing dependent plasticity in neuromorphic hardware.
Front. Neurosci. 6 (90).

[4] Friedmann S. in preparation


File
models/stdp_connection_facetshw_hom.h
Remarks

The synapse IDs are assigned to each synapse in an ascending order (0 1 2 ...) according
their first presynaptic activity and is used to group synapses that are updated at once.
It is possible to avoid activity dependent synapse ID assignments by manually setting the
no_synapses and the synapse_id(s) before running the simulation.
The weights will be discretized after the first presynaptic activity at a synapse.

Common properties can only be set on the synapse model using SetDefaults.